Period: 8 – 14 August 2020
Top news story: There were two headlines this week.
First, the Americans intercepted tankers carrying Iranian products bound for Venezuela. In theory, this could occur as part of a conventional sanctions policy. However, with the possible dissolution of the WTO, this case becomes crucial, as it illustrates the breakdown of both international trade relations and ownership.
Second, Russia announced the first vaccine against coronavirus. As was to be expected, an active public relations campaign was launched by potential competitors (the US immediately announced that the use of this vaccine would be banned in the country), but the main thing is the psychological reaction of the markets to the announcement, which turned out to be very positive.
Eurozone GDP confirmed -12,1% per quarter and -15,0% per year - historical minimums for 25 years of observation:
Euro Area GDP Growth Rate
Euro Area GDP Annual Growth Rate
Britain’s GDP in Q2 slumped by 20,4% per quarter (a record low since 1955) and 21,7% per year (similar). At the same time, private investment fell by 31,4% per quarter and 31,3% per year.
Russia’s GDP in Q2 fell by 8,5%. Alternative estimates give about minus 20%, but this will be adjusted by recovery growth. It is likely that Federal State Statistic Service cites the data already with this potential growth so as not to worry the public.
Industrial production in China stood at 4.8% per year (lower than it was before the quarantine and worse than analysts' current expectations), further growth stalled:
China Industrial Production
China’s annual retail performance has so far remained negative, contrary to expectations of positive results:
China Retail Sales YoY
Housing prices in 70 PRC cities slowed annual growth to 4,8%, the lowest in 16 months.
Industrial production in Britain is recovering, but annual rates remain strongly negative (by 12.5%), with declines already from 2018/19, i.e. well before the COVID-19 pandemic. Same in the manufacturing sector.
In the Euro Area, a very similar picture:
Euro Area Industrial Production
In the United States, the monthly growth of industrial production declined to +3,0%, while the annual decline is still strong (-8,2%).
Engineering orders in Japan fell by 31,1% per year and remain at 1980/1990 levels.
In New Zealand, business confidence started to deteriorate again in August. The same is true in Australia:
Australia Business Confidence
After a downturn in July, American consumer optimism improved weakly:
United States Consumer Sentiment
In the Euro Area, Sentix investor confidence is improving very slowly:
Sentix Investor Confidence
Japanese consumers' market sentiments improved slightly, but remained in a recession, where they had gone in late 2017; expectations began to worsen again:
Japan Economy Watchers Survey
NFIB Small Business Optimism went down in July:
United States Nfib Business Optimism Index
Deflation in Italy is strongest in 4 years, and near historical minimums in 58 years; the same for Germany:
Germany Inflation Rate
In contrast, prices in France rose by 0,4% per month and 0,8% per year.
The US PPI surged by 0,6% in July (its peak since October 2018) excluding food and fuel by 0,3%, both surpassing expectations by 0,3%.
The US CPI jumped 0,6% per month for the second time - twice as much as expected - and for the second time reached its highest value in 11 years. Excluding food and fuel, it’s also 0,6% - three times the forecast and record since January 1991 (Gulf War), and since January 1984. Not surprisingly, inflation expectations in the US are at a six-year peak:
United States Consumer Inflation Expectations
Unemployment in Britain suddenly started to rise again in July, and wages fell 1,2% a year - worse only in April 2009.
The Central Bank of Mexico cut the rate by 0,5% to 4,5%.
The Central Bank of New Zealand kept the rate at a record low of 0,25% and expanded the asset purchase program.
Summary. We proceed from the model of the crisis described in the book «Memories of the Future» and therefore we must recognize that the recovery from the quarantine collapse is gradually ending. It is being replaced by a permanent structural decline.
Probably, there will be another small jump in the early autumn, but various political upheavals (US elections), geopolitical conflicts (the US and China in the first place) and objective economic problems will not compensate for the spring’s losses – global economic restructuring is possible only if the overall structural imbalances are compensated.